Discovering Democracy Units
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Focus question 3: How did the people make the nation?

ESL activities

Handouts 4-6,  8-15

Teacher instructions

Conduct Activities 1-2 and 4-8.
Handouts 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15.

Activity 1 | Activity 2 | Activity 4 | Activity 5 | Activity 6 | Activity 7 | Activity 8 | Assessment

Activity 1: A Federation news flash

Vocabulary: convention.

Vocabulary from Handout 4: Premier, time was ripe, government, continent, applause, audience, population, unite, broke all ties, rousing cheers, appealed, representative, conference, federation, federal parliament, remote, outline of empire, isolated, the rank of nations.

Vocabulary from Handout 5: intercolonial, conference, convention, federal council, military expert, review the army, federal government, delegate, recommend, draft outline, constitution, depression, businesses failing, unemployment, poverty, elect, representatives, attend, vote, raise interest, upcoming, constitutional convention, participate, acceptable.

  • Conduct 1a as described, providing additional explanation of the concepts in Handout 4.
  • Conduct 1b as a whole-class activity. Read and discuss each marker before attaching to the timeline.

Activity 2: What is a convention?

Vocabulary: convention, delegate, politicians, stand for election, range of backgrounds, appointed, common characteristics, represent, interests of the people, republic.

Conduct parts 2a, 2b and 2c.

  • Conduct as described.
  • For 2b and 2c, place ESL learners in groups with students who have better spoken English.

Activity 4: Classroom Convention

Role-plays provide good opportunities for ESL learners to prepare and practise language. Explain the language and concepts of the activity beforehand.

Vocabulary: convention, delegate, colony, petitioners, petitions, independent, Indigenous people, elected, nominated, draft constitution, federal nation, Speaker, House of Representatives, determined, Senate, pass a law, bicameral system, Bill, amendments, federal capital, site, universal suffrage, humbly, indissoluble, importation, vote, bicameral.

Vocabulary from Handout 8: briefing, structure, representative, People's House, States' House.

Vocabulary from Handout 9: Houses of Parliament, mainland, convenient.

Vocabulary from Handout 10: Legislative Council, Premier, representative, sacrifice.

Vocabulary from Handout 11: protect the interests, site, unofficial delegate, more populated, democratic, representative parliamentary democracy, thriving, rural.

Vocabulary from Handout 12: petitioner, petition, votes secured, draft constitution, significant agricultural wealth, importation laws, Temperance League, free trade.

Activity 5: Making decisions for a nation

Vocabulary: consult, compulsory voting, secret ballot, access to voting, referendum, federation, independent, campaign, plebiscite.

Activity 6: Classroom referendums

Vocabulary: handbill, scrutineers, tally.

Vocabulary from Handout 13: on the Roll, exercise a vote, liberties, prosperous, bankrupt, entitled, personal application, destiny, proposed Bill, pamphlet.

Activity 7: Federation at last

Activity 8: Reporting on Federation

Stories of Democracy

  • Select the Stories of Democracy CD ROM option.
  • Place ESL learners in pairs for this activity.


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