Discovering Democracy Units
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Focus question 4: How are disputes between State and Federal governments resolved?

ESL activities

Teacher instructions

Conduct all activities.

Activity 1 | Activity 2 | Activity 3 | Activity 4 | Activity 5 | Unit assessment task

Activity 1: Anti the anti-dammers

  • Discuss the information in Source 1 with the class, clarifying difficult vocabulary and concepts: checkpoint, tin whistle playing, commos, mainlanders, dole money guaranteed.
  • Conduct the activity as a whole-class discussion.

Activity 2: Interview with pro-dammers

  • Conduct 2a as described.
  • For 2b enlarge the groups to four or five students. Place ESL learners in groups with students who have better spoken English. Pairs share the roles of Mr L and Mr B.
  • For 2c, those members of the group confident about public performance can do the actual presentation.
  • Conduct 2d as described.

Activity 3: The Constitution and the state and federal governments

Vocabulary: constitution, federation, external affairs.
Conduct parts 3a, 3b, 3d only.

  • Conduct 3a as a class discussion, using posters or diagrams to assist.
  • Conduct 3b as described.
  • Conduct 3d as a class discussion.

Activity 4: The High Court

Vocabulary: High Court, founding fathers, validity, a matter of heated controversy, encroachments, narrow victory.

  • For 4a, place ESL learners in small groups with students who have better spoken English and allow a jointly constructed response. Clarify difficult vocabulary.
  • Read 'The High Court and the Franklin dam case' with the class, explaining difficult concepts and vocabulary: ran its affairs, valid, legal, proceedings, weigh the economic needs. archaeological sites, wisdom, expediency, two competing courses, regulations, statute, within constitutional power.
  • Conduct 4b and 4c as a class discussion.
  • Read and explain 'Power of governments' with the class.
  • Conduct 4d as a class discussion.

Activity 5: Understanding arguments for and against the High Court decision

  • Conduct 5a as a small group exercise, clarifying difficult vocabulary in the sources.

Vocabulary in Source 1: narrowest of margins, Bench, wrought, fundamental, delicate balance.

Vocabulary in Source 2: massive, appointed, elected, radically, principles, whereby, given any voice.

Vocabulary in Source 3: under modern conditions, subject of an international agreement, Commonwealth legislative power, effects, rendered meaningless.

Vocabulary in Source 4: seek poll, conservative leaders, referendum, restore the balance of power, intervene, define, external powers, subject to approval.

Vocabulary in Source 5: external affair, in relation to, environmental concerns, of the view, pollution.

  • Read 'Arguments in favour of the High Court decision' with the class, clarifying difficult vocabulary and concepts: global village, closely related, the real world, interpret.
  • Conduct 5b as a small group exercise.
  • Conduct 5c as described.

Unit assessment task

Allow ESL learners to work in pairs. Reduce the number of tasks. Consider oral assessment. Adapt criteria accordingly.

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