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Focus question 2: How has immigration shaped the kind of nation we are?

ESL activities

Teacher instructions

Conduct activities 2 to 8. Activity 1 is optional.

Activity 1 | Activity 2 | Activity 3 | Activity 4 | Activity 5 | Activity 6 | Activity 7 | Activity 8

Activity 1: The make-up of Australia's population: Interpreting data (optional)

Vocabulary: indigenous, immigration policy, caution, estimate, repressive, brutal, dispossession, social and cultural disruption, disintegration, decline, colony, federation, census, bump up, financial support, federal government, publicly identifying themselves, substantially, mainland, military personnel, convicts, trend, overseas-born, inhabitants, overall, proportion.

  • Conduct this as a small-group activity, placing ESL learners in small groups with students who have better spoken English. Clarify vocabulary as required. Groups jointly construct answers to the various questions for all parts, the summary (1g) and sentences (1h and 1i).
  • Compare and discuss groups' responses.

Activity 2: Australia's immigration policies

Vocabulary: immigration policy, race, White Australia Policy, gold rush, national policies, migration, culture, ethnic, reunite families, federation, naturalisation, inferior, working conditions, living standards, undermine, uniform (laws), degradation, aspiration, assertion, swamped, hordes, bogey, disperse, advocacy, absurd to the last degree, devilish, dispossessed, pseudonym, cast a bad light, momentum gathered, colour bar, prejudice, tension, unwise, indictment.

  • Conduct 2a as a whole-class activity, explaining concepts and clarifying vocabulary. List reasons on the board.
  • For 2b, place ESL learners in pairs.
  • Conduct 2c as a class exercise.

Activity 3: Marketing an immigration policy

Vocabulary: populate or perish, hardships, the Depression, huge, encourage economic growth, undesirable, continent, vastest, we invite invasion, provoked, counter, choice sample, hydro-electricity, virulent, unions, a fair dinkum Aussie,

  • Conduct 3a and 3b (3c is optional) as a whole-class activity, explaining concepts and clarifying vocabulary.

Activity 4: Your class population

  • Conduct 4a and 4b as a whole-class exercise.
  • For 4c, place ESL learners in pairs to write the summary.

Activity 5: Advice for new immigrants to Australia

Vocabulary: assimilate/assimilation, culture, identity, dinkum Aussies, training centre, eager, habits, customs, newcomer, manners, conspicuous, seldom, good-natured jokes, fair play, take unfair advantage, loyal.

  • Discuss and explain the information in Knowing your new homeland.
  • Conduct 5a as a class activity.
  • Conduct 5b as described. Note: ESL learners may be able to provide particular insights into this exercise.

Activity 6: Assimilation to multiculturalism

Vocabulary: assimilation, multiculturalism, exist harmoniously, Indigenous, maintain, identity, government, democratic nature, reinforced, come into conflict.

  • Read and explain the text extract, clarifying vocabulary and concepts.
  • Conduct 6a and 6b as a class exercise, jointly constructing the answers.
  • Students copy the information on the board into their workbooks.
  • Conduct 6c as described.

Activity 7: Conditions of citizenship

Vocabulary: conditions of citizenship, multiculturalism, ethnicity, culture, essential values, respect, majority rules, minorities are protected, formulation of policy, racial hatred.

  • Explain the concepts of citizenship and conditions.
  • Discuss the list of values with the class.
  • Conduct the small group activity as described, placing ESL learners with students who have better spoken English.
  • Discuss groups' lists as a class.

Activity 8: Essential values

Vocabulary: multicultural society, cultural identity, equal opportunity, social cohesion, public service.

  •  Conduct as described, placing ESL learners with students who have better spoken English.

Back to 'What Sort of Nation? - At a glance'

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