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Focus question 3: Why should laws apply equally and be public?

ESL activities

Teacher instructionsHandouts: 5, 6, 8, 10. Handouts 7 and 9 as OHTs.

Conduct all activities.
Handouts 5, 6, 8, 10.
Handouts 7 and 9 as OHTs.

Activity 1 | Activity 2 | Activity 3 | Activity 4 | Activity 5 | Assessment

Activity 1: Instant replay

Vocabulary: call a break, score goals, umpire, out of bounds, influence.

  • Conduct Activity 1 as described.
  • Consider placing ESL learners in Group C for this activity as this role can be most easily explained.

Activity 2: Only a few knew!

Vocabulary: forum, public, patrician, magistrate, judge, court cases, plebeian, vote, placard, protest rally.

  • Conduct Activity 2 as described.
  • For 2b, explain the vocabulary when showing the OHT (Handout 6) and allow ESL learners to work in pairs.

Activity 3: The law before and after

Vocabulary: plebeian protest, consul, Senate, Senator, Assembly, citizen, tribunes, The Twelve Tables.

  • Conduct Activity 3 as described.
  • Explain the vocabulary when showing the OHTs (Handouts 7 and 9)
  • Allow ESL learners to work in pairs for parts 3b - 3d.

Activity 4: The Twelve Tables

Vocabulary: wail, executed, trial, absolute power.

  • Prepare the laws of The Twelve Tables on a chart to assist discussion.
  • Conduct Activity 4 as described.
  • Relate The Twelve Tables to other written tables of laws with which students may be familiar, the Ten Commandments, for example.

Activity 5: What makes laws fair?

  • Conduct Activity 5 as described.
  • Check that ESL learners understand the distinctions between the statements on Handout 10.


  • Assess ESL learners' responses on Handout 10 only.

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