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Focus question 2: What are the main types of government?

ESL activities

Teacher instructions

Conduct activity 1.

Activity 1 | Assessment tasks

Activity 1: Ancient Greece: time and place

Vocabulary: systems of government, BC, AD, trial, penal colony, city-state, laws.

  • Students complete parts 1a, 1b, 1c as described.
  • Conduct 1d as a class discussion.
  • Explain the information in 'The polis'.
  • Prepare ‘Types of government’ as a handout, with each type of government cut out and presented separately.
  • Place ESL learners in groups of six with students who have better spoken English. Prepare a table for completion by the groups. Provide the headers: Type of government, Definition provided, Group's definition, Greek word base.
  • Distribute one of the definitions to each group member. The group then works through the table, using the information from the relevant person to fill out each of the sections. The group then discusses and works on a definition in their own words.
  • Explain and discuss some of the different views of democracy held by ancient philosophers (optional).

Assessment tasks

Task 1: Poster

  • Pair the ESL learner with a student who has better spoken English. Provide models of suitable slogans.
  • Explain difficult vocabulary used in the guides, for example, figurehead, constitutional monarch, exterminate, race, secret police.
Task 2: Talk (optional)

  • ESL learners continue to work in pairs. The student with better spoken English reads the prepared talk onto a tape. The ESL learner then follows the tape using a written copy. The ESL learner then reads the talk onto a tape.

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