Focus question 3: Where have Australians' human rights come from and how are they protected?
Conduct activities 1, 2. Activities 3 to 6 are optional.
Activity 1 | Activity 2 | Activity 3 | Activity 4 | Activity 5 | Activity 6 | Assessment task
Activity 1: Rights defined in the Australian Constitution
Vocabulary: Australian Constitution, referendum, compensation, compulsory acquisition, trial by jury, discrimination, abolish, adopted as official religion, funding, unanimous verdict, majority verdict, market price.
- Explain the rights guaranteed by the Australian Constitution.
- Draw the table on the board.
- Clarify the situations.
- Complete Situation a with the class, using the table, as an example.
- Students complete the remaining Situations in small groups. (Consider dividing the number of situations among groups).
- Conduct 1b as a class discussion.
Activity 2: Acts of Parliament - case studies
Vocabulary: Act of Parliament, Racial Discrimination Act, Ombudsman, Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission, common law, statute law, prejudice.
- Conduct 2a and 2b as a whole-class exercise.
- Explain 'Power of Acts of Parliament'.
- Explain Case study 2. Students complete 2c in small groups.
- Explain and conduct Case study 3 as for Case Study 2.
Activity 3: Court decisions - case study (optional)
Vocabulary: common law, statute law, prejudice.
- Explain and conduct Case study 4 like the case studies in Activity 2.
Activity 4: Amnesty International and Councils for Civil Liberties (optional)
Vocabulary: non-party political.
- Conduct as a class discussion.
Activity 5: Investigating democratic rights in Australia - case study (optional)
Conduct activities parts 5a to 5e only.
Vocabulary: free speech, political censorship, racial vilification.
- Conduct this activity as a small group activity. Select an even number of groups. Assign half the groups the task of 'arguing for' and the other half the task of 'arguing against'.
- Construct the table on the board. Record groups' arguments on the table.
- Continue with parts 5d to 5e as a class discussion.
Activity 6: Applying a Bill of Rights (optional)
Conduct activity parts 6b, 6c, 6d only.
Vocabulary: Bill of Rights, cite, peaceful assembly, secret ballot,
suffrage, campaign, placard.
- Explain the notion of a Bill of Rights.
- Conduct part 6b as a small group exercise.
- Construct the table on the board. Record groups' responses on the table.
- Conduct 6c and 6d as a class discussion.
- Debating is a demanding task for ESL learners. Place them in groups of about five students. All group members work on preparing the information for the speeches. Nominated students do the presenting.
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