Focus question 4: Who rules in Australia?
Conduct all activities.
Activity 1 is modified.
The 'Further activity' used after Activity 6 is optional.
Handouts 9 (reused), 11, 12, 13, and 'right to vote' cards.
Activity 1 | Activity 2 | Activity 3 | Activity 4 | Activity 5 | Activity 6 | Further activity | Activity 7
Activity 1: Who rules here?
Vocabulary: innocent, guilty, proof, courts, trial, party, government, parliament, Prime Minister, election, member, law is passed.
Handout 11 prepared as cards (one complete set between two) and Handout 12 (one between two).
- Organise pairs so ESL learners work with a partner who has a better command of English.
- Distribute one set of cards to each pair.
- Distribute Handout 12 to each pair.
- Explain the language on the cards.
- Students match the cards to the pictures.
- Conduct the discussion for 1f as described.
Activity 2: Who can be an Australian citizen?
Vocabulary: citizen, migrant, citizenship, vote.
- Inform students they are going to look at who rules in Australia and see how it compares with Ancient Egypt and Athens.
- For 2a, recall Egypt and Athens by asking:
- How was the ruler decided in Egypt?
- Who made the laws?
- Who made the laws in Ancient Athens?
- In which place did the citizens have a say in ruling the country?
- Focus on Australia. Ask:
- Do Australians have a say in how Australia is ruled?
- Do Australians have a say in what laws are made?
- Write on the board: 'The right to vote gives Australian citizens a say in how Australia is ruled.'
- Ask: Does every Australian citizen have the right to vote?
- Revise the criteria for citizenship in Ancient Athens and record on the board using a table format like the one for Activity 3.
- Continue with 2b adding the criteria for voters in Australia.
- Continue with 2c and 2d.
Activity 3: Random selection
Vocabulary: permanent resident, temporary resident.
- Conduct this activity as described. Consider placing ESL learners in a group which corresponds with their actual category.
Activity 4: Choose representatives
Vocabulary: choose by lot, representative.
- Conduct this activity using a single important issue rather than a range. Avoid placing the names of ESL learners in the draw if you have concerns.
Activity 5: Vote for representatives
Vocabulary: policy, ballot, ballot paper.
- Conduct this activity as described.
- Clarify the key points of the policies presented.
Activity 6: Government in Australia
Vocabulary: election, electorate, Federal Parliament, House of Representatives, Senate, Senator, Member of Parliament, governor-general, representative democracy.
- If possible, prepare ESL learners for this activity in advance by discussing and explaining the key components of government in Australia, using visual support such as The Commonwealth Poster.
- Place ESL learners in teams with students who have better spoken English.
- Conduct the activity as described.
Further activity: (Optional)
- Show students video of a sitting of Parliament. Ask them to list five things about the building or the people (colour, speaker, shape, topic etc).
Activity 7: Comparison
- Conduct as described.
- This activity can be reused as an oral assessment task for ESL learners.
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